The project is being carried out in an area of 290000 ha in the Northern Pindos National Park & Grevena Municipality. The largest part (3/4) of the area is under the official protection status of National Park. Main land uses in the area are mainly oriented to forestry and sylviculture, then at a second level to small scale cultivations especially at lower altitudes in the eastern part of the area proposed by the project and finally at higher altitudes summer pasture lands for livestock. More than 60% of the forests in the area are public lands whereas circa 30% are communal (belonging to the communities) and only a very small percentage is private or belongs to the Hellenic church.
SPA: NATURA 2000 Code: SAC/SCI/pSCI
The project area comprises 2 SPA’s (GR1310002 and GR2130001) and 6 SCI’s (GR2130008, GR2310006, GR2310004, GR2130002, GR1310001, GR1310003).
The largest part of the area is a National Park (Northern Pindos National Park) managed mainly by the Management Agency of the Vikos-Aoos and Pindos National Parks (MAVAPNP), associated beneficiary in this project.
Scientific description of project area:
The Pindos mountain range, in north-western, is one of the country's best-preserved mountainous areas. The entire area has a very high biodiversity value; about 80% of it is covered by forests, 10% by grasslands and 4% by agricultural lands. The area hosts a number of species and habitats of community interest: one of the more characteristic species is the brown bear, which is considered to be a biological indicator for the general conservation status of the forest ecosystems. The area is characterized by a pronounced ruggedness and comprises 4 mountain massifs above 2,000m. From the geological point of view three main categories of geological substrata are:
- serpentines and peridotites in the eastern part of the area
- limestones from the Tertiary geological period
- and flysch
From the biodiversity point of view: more than 1,800 flora species have been identified, of which more than 15 are very rare, endemic or strictly protected.
Forest vegetation is characterized by the following main phytosociological units:
- Quercetalia illicis (at lower altitudes)
- Quercetalia pubescentis
The fauna is also of outstanding diversity: almost all large mammal species are present with the brown bear as the most emblematic),166 bird species, 30 reptile species, 14 amphibian species and 17 fish species.